Focus Questions:

  1. Define archetypal criticism.
  2. What are some common Mythological and Biblical archetypes?.
  3. What universal (mythological and Biblical) archetypes are found in Moby Dick?
  4. What is the link between the Romantic movement and the use of universal archetypes, especially mythological archetypes? (Note: consider the romantic movement both within Europe and especially the United States in the early 1800's)
  5. Compare the Hero's Journey plot structure with that of the novel's-what similarities and differences are there?
  6. Considering the novel within the mythological or Biblical archetypical structure, what seems to be Melville's purpose or purposes in writing this novel? (Remember: go beyond simple thematic exploration!)

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Understanding Literary Archetypes

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